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Typical Shell Commands
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Last Updated
19th of September, 2008

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When you are logged in to your account via ssh, everything is done by passing text commands to the command line. Here is a list of the absolute most basic Linux / UNIX commands and their use:

lsLists Files and Directories
ls -al Detailed List of Files and Directories
mkdir fooCreates a directory called 'foo'
cd fooChange to the directory 'foo'
cd ..Go up a directory
cd ~Go to your home directory
rmdir fooRemoves the directory 'foo'
rm fileRemoves a file named 'file'
rm -f fileForces the removal of a file called 'file' without prompting you for confirmation
wget urlDownload a file from a web address to directory on your site
tar xfz fileExtract a tar file

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